Quick Answer: What Are The Merits And Demerits Of Observation Method?

What are the merits of observation method?

Advantages of Observation:(1) Simplest Method: …

(2) Useful for Framing Hypothesis: …

(3) Greater Accuracy: …

(4) An Universal Method: …

(5) Observation is the Only Appropriate Tool for Certain Cases: …

(6) Independent of People’s Willingness to Report: …

(1) Some of the Occurrences may not be Open to Observation:More items….

What is a disadvantage of observation?

Time consuming and may involve large amount of inactivity. Observations may lack depth and qualitative richness. If the ethics are not handled well, legal action can be taken.

What is the observation method?

Observation, as the name implies, is a way of collecting data through observing. Observation data collection method is classified as a participatory study, because the researcher has to immerse herself in the setting where her respondents are, while taking notes and/or recording.

What is the purpose of participant observation?

The goal of participant observation research is to understand as fully as possible the situation being studied without disturbing that situation. Any data collecting that is compatible with that goal can be pursued.

What is the purpose of observation in teaching?

Classroom observations – which make up the majority of a teacher’s summative rating in most States and districts – give teachers the opportunity to receive meaningful and direct feedback about their practice. They can also inform the development of resources to help teachers address areas for improvement.

What are 3 types of observation?

When it comes to observational research, you have three different types of methodologies: controlled observations, naturalistic observations, and participant observations. Let’s quickly look at what each type of observation includes, how they differ, and the strengths and weaknesses of each type of observation.

Why is observing a child important?

Observations are the key to good program planning. Observations help adults understand the strengths and needs of each child. Early Childhood Educators observe children to get to know them better and get a sense of their knowledge, needs, interests, skills and how they learn best.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of observation method?

Observation Method of Data Collection: Advantages, Disadvantages, Techniques, TypesDirectness. The main advantage of observation is its directness. … Natural environment. … Longitudinal analysis. … Non-verbal behavior. … Lack of control. … Difficulties in quantification. … Smallness in sample size. … No opportunity to learn past.More items…

What is the major problem with using participant observation?

What is the major problem with using participant observation as a research tool? It often leads to findings that lack generalizability.

What are the disadvantages of participant observation?

What Are Its Disadvantages?It can be very time consuming.It generates a vast amount of data.By participating in activities, the researcher can inadvertently influence the other participants’ behavior.Active involvement in the group can cause the researcher to lose objectivity and may lead to bias.More items…•

What is the purpose of an observation?

The main purpose behind the classroom observation is to allow a teacher to get feedback from an objective, experienced observer and to involve in context-specific discussions about teaching with adviser.

Is participant observation reliable?

Participant observation is not known as one of the most reliable types of research methods. This is because they are virtually impossible to repeat and the data they produce is only the opinion of one observer, another may interpret it completely differently.

What are the 4 types of observation?

There are four types of observational research you can do, ranging from detached observation with no participation on your part (complete observer) to immersing yourself completely in the environment (complete participant)….Complete Observer.Observer as Participant.Participant as Observer.Complete Participant.

What can we learn from observation?

Observation is one of the best ways of learning. Not only will observation enable you to see exactly how something is done, but you’ll be able to learn the technique of the person doing it. … This is because learning through observation takes much more than just watching someone do something.

What is a disadvantage of the direct observation method of research?

Advantages and Limitations Another advantage is that it may reveal conditions, problems, or patterns many informants may be unaware of or unable to describe adequately. On the negative side, direct observation is susceptible to observer bias. The very act of observation also can affect the behavior being studied.